Essays in Journals and Books

“Philippians: Reckoning with A Dog-Eat-Dog Interpretive Legacy.” In Judeophobia in the New Testament: Texts, Contexts, and Pedagogy. Eds. Sarah E. Rollens, Eric M. Vanden Eykel, and Meredith J.C. Warren. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2024 forthcoming.

“Romans.” Pages 285-320 in The Jewish Annotated New Testament. Revised NRSVue Ed. Eds. Marc Brettler and Amy Jill Levine (New York, et al: Oxford University Press, 2024 forthcoming).

“Translating NT texts “within Judaism”: Theory and Practice.” Journal of the Jesus Movement in its Jewish Setting (JJMJS): forthcoming 2024.

“What’s in a Translation?” Pages 49–67 in What does “Within Judaism” Mean? Perspectives From the New Testament to the Present. Eds. Karin Hedner Zetterholm and Anders Runesson. Lanham, et al: Lexington Books/Fortress Academic, 2024.

Neue Früchte von einem vertrauten Ölbaum? Probleme und Perspektiven neuer Einsichten aus Röm 11 nach der Shoah.” Pages 101–29 in “Nicht Du trägst die Wurzel, sondern die Wurzel trägt Dich.” Gegenwärtige Perspektiven zum Rheinischen Synodalbeschluss “Zur Erneuerung des Verhältnisses von Christen und Juden” von 1980. Trans. Carla Weitensteiner, Paul Becker, und Hermut Löhr. Eds. Wolfgang Hüllstrung and Hermut Löhr. Leipzig: Evangelischen Verlagsanstalt, 2023. [Original English version available here: “New Fruit from a Familiar Olive Tree? Problems and Prospects for Post-Shoah Appeals to New Insights from Romans 11”]

“Paul and Judaism: Why Not Paul’s Judaism?” Pages 157-216 in Mark Given, ed., Paul Unbound: Other Perspectives on the Apostle. Rev. Ed. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2022. (Orig., Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2009; similarly updated version in RPwJ, 2017, pp. 3–59).

Co-authored with Heidi Wendt: “Galatians: An Epistolary Microbiography.” Pages 329–47 in T&T Clark Handbook to the Historical Paul, edited by Ryan S. Schellenberg and Heidi Wendt. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2022.

Where Do We Go from Here? Response to Essays on ‘Intra-Jewish Interaction and the Role of Non-Jews within the Jesus Movement.'” Pages 217–35 in Negotiating Identities: Conflict, Conversion, and Consolidation in Early Judaism and Christianity (200 BCE–400 CE). Eds. Karin Hedner Zetterholm, Anders Runesson, Cecilia Wassén and Magnus Zetterholm. Lexington Books/Fortress Academic, 2022.

“Re-Framing Paul’s Opposition to Erga Nomou as ‘Rites of a Custom’ for Proselyte Conversion Completed by the Synecdoche ‘Circumcision.'” Journal of the Jesus Movement in its Jewish Setting (JJMJS) 8 (2021): 75–115.

All Israel Will Be Saved‘ or ‘Kept Safe‘? (Rom 11:26): Israel’s Conversion or Irrevocable Calling to Gospel the Nations?” Pages 243–69 iIsrael and Nations: Paul’s Gospel in the Context of Jewish Expectation. Ed. František Ábel. Lanham, et al: Lexington Books/ Fortress Academic, 2021.

“Paul: Why Bother? A Jewish Perspective.” Scandinavian Theological Quarterly/ Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift (STK) 95.4 (2019): 271–87.

“Reading the Antioch Incident (Gal 2:11–21) as a Subversive Banquet Narrative.” Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters 7, no. 1–2 (2017): 26–52 [available free at Scholarly Publishing Collective].

“A Rejoinder To Robert A. J. Gagnon’s ‘Why The “Weak” At Rome Cannot Be Non-Christian Jews.'” Pages 65–100 in Reading Romans Within Judaism: The Collected Essays Of Mark D. Nanos, Vol. 2. Ed. Mark D. Nanos. Eugene, OR; Cascade, 2018.

“Romans 9—11 From A Jewish Perspective On Christian-Jewish Relations.” Pages 103–11 In Reading Romans Within Judaism: The Collected Essays Of Mark D. Nanos, Vol. 2. Ed. Mark D. Nanos. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2018.

“Romans.” Pages 285-320 in The Jewish Annotated New Testament. Revised Ed. Eds. Marc Brettler and Amy Jill Levine (New York, et al: Oxford University Press, 2017).

“How Could Paul Accuse Peter of ‘Living Ethné-ishly’ in Antioch (Gal 2:11–21) If Peter Was Eating according to Jewish Dietary Norms?” Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters 6.2 (2016): 199-223 [available free at Scholarly Publishing Collective].

“‘The Gifts and the Calling of God are Irrevocable’ (Romans 11:29): If So, How Can Paul Declare that ‘Not All Israelites Truly Belong to Israel’ (9:6)?” Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations [SCJR] 11.1 (2016): 1-17[included in RRwJ, pp. 214–34]

“Reading Paul in a Jewish Way: ‘Oh be joyful all you peoples, with God’s People’ (Rom 15:10): Who are the people?,” pages 436-47 in Deutschor Evangelisher Kirchentag Stuttgart 2015, ed. Silke Lechner, et al (Zentrum Juden und Christen: Freut euch, ihr Völker, mit Gottes Volk; Wer ist das Volk?; Gütersloh and München: Gütersloher Verlagshaus/Random House Gmbh, 2016). [included in RPwJ, pp. 155–70]

“‘Gottes Gaben und Berufungen können Ihn nicht gereuen.’ – Wie, also, sollten wir Römer 9,1-16 (insbesondere V. 6) übersetzen und verstehen?” Pages 14-23 in “Die Gotteskindschaft des jüdischen Volkes (Röm 9,1-16)”: Arbeitshilfe zum Israelsonntag 2016: 10. Sonntag nach Trinitatis. Edited by Volker Haarmann, Ursula Rudnick, and Axel Töllner (Transl. V. Haarmann; Düsseldorf/Hannover: Evangelische Kirche im Rheinland, Evangelisch-Lutherische Landeskirche Hannover, Begegnung von Christen und Juden Bayern, 2016). [revised English version, ‘The Gifts and the Calling of God are Irrevocable’ (Romans 11:29)…,” in RRwJ, pp. 214–34]

Out-Howling the Cynics: Reconceptualizing the Concerns of Paul’s Audience from his Polemics in Philippians 3.” Pages 183-221 in The People Beside Paul: The Philippian Assembly and History from Below. Edited by Joseph A. Marchal (Early Christianity and Its Literature; Atlanta: SBL Press, 2015).

“The Question of Conceptualization: Qualifying Paul’s Position on Circumcision in Dialogue with Josephus’s Advisors to King Izates.” Pages 105-52 in Paul Within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle. Edited by Mark D. Nanos and Magnus Zetterholm (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2015).

“Introduction.” Pages 1–29 in Paul Within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle. Edited by Mark D. Nanos and Magnus Zetterholm (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2015).

“Implications of Paul’s Hopes for the End of Days for Jews and Christians Today: A Critical Re-evaluation of the Evidence.” Co-authored with Philip Cunningham Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations [SCJR] 9.1 (2014): 1-45. [included in RRwJ, pp. 249–84]

“Paul’s Non-Jews Do Not Become ‘Jews,’ But Do They Become ‘Jewish’?: Reading Romans 2:25-29 Within Judaism, Alongside Josephus.” Journal of the Jesus Movement in its Jewish Setting (JJMJS). 1 (2014): 26-53 ( [included in RPwJ, pp. 127–54]

“Römer 11 und christlich-jüdische Beziehungen: Exegetische Optionen für eine andere Übersetzung und Interpretation des Textes.” Pages 18-25 in “So wird ganz Israel gerettet werden”: Arbeitshilfe zum Israelsonntag 2014: 10. Sonntag nach Trinitatis. Edited by Hanna Lehming, Volker Haarmann, and Ursula Rudnick (Transl. V. Haarmann; Evangelisch-Lutherische Landeskirche Hannover, Evangelische Kirche im Rheinland, Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche in Norddeutschland, Begegnung von Christen und Juden Bayern: Hannover/Düsseldorf, 2014).

“The Translation of Romans 11 Since the Shoah: What’s Different? What’s Not? What Could Be?” Pages 167-77 in Exploring Bible, Church and Life. Essays in Celebration of the 100th Anniversary of Lutheran Theological Seminary (Theology and Life 36)Edited by Dieter Mitternacht and Nicholas Thai. (Hong Kong, China: Lutheran Theological Seminary, 2013). [included in RRwJ, pp. 200–13]

“Was Paul a ‘Liar’ for the Gospel?: The Case for a New Interpretation of Paul’s ‘Becoming Everything to Everyone’ in 1 Corinthians 9:19-23.” Review & Expositor 110.4 (2013): 591-608. [included in RCPwJ, pp. 93–108]

“Paul’s Polemic in Philippians 3 as Jewish-Subgroup Vilification of Local Non-Jewish Cultic and Philosophical Alternatives.” Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters 3.1 (2013): 47–92. [included in RCPwJ, pp. 142–91]

“To the Churches Within the Synagogues of Rome.” Pages 11-28 in Reading Paul’s Letter to the Romans. Edited by Jerry L. Sumney (Resources for Biblical Studies Series 72; Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2012). [included in RRwJ, pp. 3–19]

“Paul: A Jewish View.” Pages 159-93 in Four Views on the Apostle PaulEdited by Michael Bird (Counterpoints; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012).

“Paul’s Relationship to Torah in Light of His Strategy ‘to Become Everything to Everyone’ (1 Corinthians 9:19-22).” Pages 106-40 in Paul and Judaism: Crosscurrents in Pauline Exegesis and the Study of Jewish-Christian Relations. Eds. Reimund Bieringer and Didier Pollefeyt (Library of New Testament Studies-European Studies in Christian Origins; T&T Clark International/Continuum: London-New York, 2012). [included in RCPwJ, pp. 52–92]

“Romans 11 and Christian-Jewish Relations: Exegetical Options for Revisiting the Translation and Interpretation of This Central Text.” Criswell Theological Review N.S. 9.2 (2012): 3-21. [included in RRwJ, pp. 179–99]

Paul and the Jewish Tradition: The Ideology of the Shema.” Pages 62-80 in Celebrating Paul. Festschrift in Honor of Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, O.P., and Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J. Edited by Peter Spitaler (CBQMS 48; Washington D.C.: Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2012). [included in RPwJ, pp. 108–26]

Romans: Introduction and Annotations.” Pages 253-86 in The Jewish Annotated New Testament. Eds. Marc Brettler and Amy Jill Levine (Oxford University Press, 2011). 

Paul and Judaism.” Pages 551-54 in The Jewish Annotated New Testament. Eds. Marc Brettler and Amy Jill Levine (Oxford University Press, 2011).

“Forward.” Pages ix-x in Daniel F. Stramara, Jr., God’s Time Table: The Book of Revelation and the Feast of Seven Weeks (Pickwick Publications, 2011).

“Galatians.” In Oxford Bibliographies Online, Oxford University Press, 2010.

“‘Callused,’ Not ‘Hardened’: Paul’s Revelation of Temporary Protection Until All Israel Can Be Healed.” Pages 52-73 in Reading Paul in Context: Explorations in Identity Formation. Edited by Kathy Ehrensperger and J. Brian Tucker (London and New York: T&T Clark, 2010). [included in RRwJ, pp. 153–78]

“‘Broken Branches’: A Pauline Metaphor Gone Awry? (Romans 11:11-24).”Pages 339-76 in Between Gospel and Election: Explorations in the Interpretation of Romans 9—11Eds. Florian Wilk and J. Ross Wagner(Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010). [included in RRwJ, pp. 112–52]

“Galatians.” Pages 455-74 in Blackwell’s Companion to the New Testament. Edited by David Aune (Blackwell Publishing, 2010).

“Why the ‘Weak’ in 1 Corinthians 8–10 Were Not Christ-Believers.” Pages 385-404 in Saint Paul and Corinth: 1950 Years Since the Writing of the Epistles to the Corinthians: International Scholarly Conference Proceedings (Corinth, 23-25 September 2007). Vol. 2. Edited by Constantine J. Belezos in collaboration with Sotirios Despotis and Christos Karakolis (Athens, Greece: Psichogios Publications S.A., 2009). [included in RCPwJ, pp. 36–51]

“Paul and Judaism.” In Codex Pauli. Rome: Società San Paolo, 2009, 54-55. [included in RPwJ, pp. 173–77]

“Paul and Judaism: Why Not Paul’s Judaism?” Pages 117-60 in Mark Given, ed., Paul Unbound: Other Perspectives on the Apostle (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2009). [updated version in RPwJ, pp. 3–59]

“The Myth of the ‘Law-Free’ Paul Standing Between Christians and Jews.” In Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations [SCJR] 4.1 (2009): 1-21[included in RPwJ, pp. 77–107]

“Paul’s Reversal of Jews Calling Gentiles ‘Dogs’ (Philippians 3:2): 1600 Years of an Ideological Tale Wagging an Exegetical Dog?” In Biblical Interpretation 17.4 (2009): 448-482. [included in RCPwJ, pp. 111–41]

“New or Renewed Covenantalism?: A Response to Richard Hays’ ‘”Here We Have No Lasting City”: New Covenantalism in Hebrews.'” In The Epistle to the Hebrews and Christian Theology. Edited by R.J. Bauckham, D.R. Driver, T.A. Hart and N. MacDonald. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009, 183-88.

“Le relazioni christiano-giudaiche.” In Paulus: An International Magazine on Saint Paul 1.12 (June, 2009) 271-73 (English version submitted as “Romans 9—11 from a Jewish Perspective on Christian-Jewish Relations” [included in RRwJ, pp. 103–11]).

“The Polytheist Identity of the ‘Weak,’ And Paul’s Strategy to ‘Gain’ Them: A New Reading of 1 Corinthians 8:1—11:1.” In Paul: Jew, Greek, and RomanEdited by Stanley E. Porter. Pauline Studies 5; Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008, 179-210. [included in RCPwJ, pp. 3–35]

“Intruding ‘Spies’ and ‘Pseudo-Brethren’: The Jewish Intra-Group Politics of Paul’s Jerusalem Meeting (Gal. 2:1-10).” In Paul and His OpponentsEdited by Stanley E. Porter. Vol. 2 of Pauline Studies; Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2005, 59-97.

Guest Editor and “Introduction,” Paul Between Jews and Christians, a special issue of Biblical Interpretation 13.3 (2005).

“How Inter-Christian Approaches to Paul’s Rhetoric Can Perpetuate Negative Valuations of Jewishness – Although Proposing to Avoid that Outcome.” In Biblical Interpretation 13.3 (2005): 255-69. [included in RPwJ, pp. 63–76]

“Life in the Diaspora Synagogues: An Evaluation.” Pages 208-18 in The Ancient Synagogue from its Origins until 200 CE: Papers Presented at an International Conference at Lund University, Sweden, Oct. 14-17, 2001. Edited by B. Olsson and M. Zetterholm; Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell Int., 2003.

“Introduction.” Pages xi-xli in The Galatians Debate. Edited by Mark Nanos. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2002.

“What Was at Stake in Peter’s ‘Eating with Gentiles’ at Antioch?” Pages 282-318 in The Galatians Debate. Edited by Mark Nanos. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2002.

“Challenging the Limits That Continue to Define Paul’s Perspective on Jews and Judaism.” Pages 212-24 in Reading Israel in Romans: Legitimacy and Plausibility of Divergent Interpretations. Vol. 1: “Romans Through History and Cultures: Receptions and Critical Interpretations.” Edited by Cristina Grenholm and Daniel Patte. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2000. [included in RRwJ, pp. 237–48]

“The Inter- and Intra-Jewish Contexts of Paul and the Galatians.” Pages 146-59 in Paul and Politics: Ekklesia, Israel, Imperium, Interpretation. Edited by Richard Horsley. Trinity Press International, 2000. Reprinted in The Galatians Debate. Edited by Mark Nanos. Hendrickson, 2002, 396-407).

“Covet, Covetousness.” Page 292 in Eerdmans Dictionary of the BibleEdited by David N. Freedman, A. C. Myers, and A. B. Beck. Eerdmans, 2000.

The Intra-Jewish Context of Galatians: Identifying the Players and Situation Implied in Paul’s Letter of Ironic Rebuke.” Ph.D. Dissertation at University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 2000.

“The Jewish Context of the Gentile Audience Addressed in Paul’s Letter to the Romans.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 61 (1999): 283-304. [included in RRwJ, pp. 40–64]

“Response” to reviews of The Mystery of Romans by N. Elliott, S. Stowers, and E. E. Johnson at the 1997 SBL Annual Meeting. Critical Review of Books in Religion [CRBR], 1998. JSJ Supplement Series